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A central problem in sensor network security is that sensors are susceptible to physical capture attacks. Once a sensor is compromised, the adversary can easily launch clone attacks by replicating the compromised node, distributing the clones throughout the network, and starting a variety of insider attacks. Previous works against clone attacks suffer from either a high communication/storage overhead or a poor detection accuracy. In this paper, we propose a novel scheme for detecting clone attacks in sensor networks, which computes for each sensor a social fingerprint by extracting the neighborhood characteristics, and verifies the legitimacy of the originator for each message by checking the enclosed fingerprint. The fingerprint generation is based on the superimposed s-disjunct code, which incurs a very light communication and computation overhead. The fingerprint verification is conducted at both the base station and the neighboring sensors, which ensures a high detection probability. The security and performance analysis indicate that our algorithm can identify clone attacks with a high detection probability at the cost of a low computation/communication/storage overhead. To our best knowledge, our scheme is the first to provide realtime detection of clone attacks in an effective and efficient way.
Date of Conference: 17-20 June 2008