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Tabletop Resonant Infrared Matrix-Assisted Pulsed Laser Evaporation of Light-Emitting Organic Thin Films

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3 Author(s)
Pate, Ryan ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Duke Univ., Durham, NC ; Lantz, K.R. ; Stiff-Roberts, A.D.

Structural optimization of light-emitting polymer, or organic semiconductor, thin films deposited by tabletop 2.9 mum resonant infrared matrix-assisted pulsed evaporation (RIR-MAPLE) is investigated. Surface morphology of poly[2-methoxy-5-(2'-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-(1-cyanovinylene) phenylene] (MEH-CN-PPV) and poly[2-methoxy-5-(2'-ethylhexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene vinylene] (MEH-PPV) films are analyzed using optical and atomic force microscopy. These films are deposited using different target-to-substrate distances, ambient base pressures, laser fluences, and substrate temperatures, and with different target compositions comprising tetrahydrofuran (THF), chlorobenzene, toluene, o -xylene, chloroform, phenol:THF, and phenol:water. The corresponding optical behavior and chemical structure of the deposited films is investigated with photoluminescence spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The use of a novel RIR-MAPLE emulsion target recipe enables the successful incorporation of MEH-CN-PPV and MEH-PPV polymers into ice matrices, and an MEH-PPV thin film with near-featureless surface morphology and an unprecedented rms surface roughness of 0.292 nm is demonstrated.

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 4 )