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A Constrained Factor Decomposition With Application to MIMO Antenna Systems

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3 Author(s)
AndrÉ L. F. de Almeida ; Centre Nat. de la Rech. Sci. (CNRS), Univ. of Nice Sophia Antipolis (UNSA), Nice ; GÉrard Favier ; JoÃo Cesar M. Mota

In this paper, we formulate a new tensor decomposition herein called constrained factor (CONFAC) decomposition. It consists in decomposing a third-order tensor into a triple sum of rank-one tensor factors, where interactions involving the components of different tensor factors are allowed. The interaction pattern is controlled by three constraint matrices the columns of which are canonical vectors. Each constraint matrix is associated with a given dimension, or mode, of the tensor. The explicit use of these constraint matrices provides degrees of freedom to the CONFAC decomposition for modeling tensor signals with constrained structures which cannot be handled with the standard parallel factor (PARAFAC) decomposition. The uniqueness of this decomposition is discussed and an application to multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) antenna systems is presented. A new transmission structure is proposed, the core of which consists of a precoder tensor decomposed as a function of the CONFAC constraint matrices. By adjusting the precoder constraint matrices, we can control the allocation of data streams and spreading codes to transmit antennas. Based on a CONFAC model of the received signal, blind symbol/code/channel recovery is possible using the alternating least squares algorithm. For illustrating this application, we evaluate the bit-error-rate (BER) performance for some configurations of the precoder constraint matrices.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing  (Volume:56 ,  Issue: 6 )