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Effects of Collar Permeability on the Field Quality of the Large Aperture Quadrupoles for the LHC

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6 Author(s)
Lasheras, N.C. ; Dept. of Accel. Technol., CERN, Geneva ; Auchmann, B. ; Kirby, G. ; Mess, K.-H.
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The LHC contains a number of large aperture quadrupoles (MQY) in the insertions. The acceptance of these magnets was based on warm magnetic measurements performed before delivery to CERN. During the series production of the MQY quadrupoles, the permeability of the collars drifted from the nominal value, and effects on the transfer function and multipole components became evident. To study the effects on the magnetic field, variable permeability of the stainless-steel collars as a function of local field and temperature was introduced into a numerical model. Comparing the results with measured data, we could isolate the contribution of permeability deviation on the magnetic field quality. The extrapolation of transfer function and field multipoles to operating temperature and current gives the necessary offsets, which are compared with measurements on a reduced set of magnets.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 2 )