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This paper presents a pipelined analog-to-digital converter (ADC) operating from a 0.5-V supply voltage. The ADC uses true low-voltage design techniques that do not require any on-chip supply or clock voltage boosting. The switch OFF leakage in the sampling circuit is suppressed using a cascaded sampling technique. A front-end signal-path sample-and-hold amplifier (SHA) is avoided by using a coarse auxiliary sample and hold (S/H) for the sub-ADC and by synchronizing the sub-ADC and pipeline-stage sampling circuit. A 0.5-V operational transconductance amplifier (OTA) is presented that provides inter-stage amplification with an 8-bit performance for the pipelined ADC operating at 10 Ms/s. The chip was fabricated on a standard 90 nm CMOS technology and measures 1.2 mm times 1.2 mm. The prototype chip has eight identical stages and stage scaling was not used. It consumes 2.4 mW for 10-Ms/s operation. Measured peak SNDR is 48.1 dB and peak SFDR is 57.2 dB for a full-scale sinusoidal input. Maximal integral nonlinearity and differential nonlinearity are 1.19 and 0.55 LSB, respectively.
Date of Publication: April 2008