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In this paper, we develop a Wiener-type speckle filter that operates in the stationary wavelet domain. We denote it as the stationary wavelet-domain Wiener (SWW) speckle filter. We assume that both the speckle-free image and the speckle contribution have spatial correlations and utilize well-established models for the power density spectrum of the radar cross section to estimate the autospectra that define the filter. It turns out that the filter is independent of the wavelet-domain scale level, i.e., the filter is the same at all scale levels. The SWW filter works on nonoverlapping blocks in the wavelet domain, which are obtained by a quadtree algorithm. Due to the dyadic support of the wavelet coefficients, a natural smoothing is carried out on the boundaries between neighboring blocks, and no visual boundary effects can be observed. The SWW filter is unbiased and shows good performance in despeckling synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. It smooths homogeneous areas while preserving textured areas and point scatterers. In contrast to most other speckle filters, the SWW filter requires the SAR data to be given in single-look complex form.
Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:46 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: April 2008