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In this paper, we study the characteristics of a novel miniaturized optical delay line, which delays light in a meandering photonic crystal waveguide, and describe the design steps. We show how lattice parameters and refractive index difference of the photonic crystal affect the bandgap width and suggest a criterion to select these parameters. Next, we focus on the parallel waveguide channels in photonic crystal, and analyze the impact of the channel length and the interchannel spacing on crosstalk. We suggest a method for mitering the sharp corners in meandering lines which reduces the undesired reflections by 8 dB. Considering all these guidelines, we examine the propagation of light in the proposed delay line through calculating time-delay and insertion loss. To achieve longer delays in a small device area, we concentrate on coupled cavities in photonic crystals and propose an approximate method for calculating the group velocity of light in the coupled defects. We show how by replacing waveguide channels of a meandering delay line with coupled defects we achieve time-delays more than 9 ps within a device size around 27 m, which corresponds to a miniaturization factor of 100.
Date of Publication: May 2008