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Ti1-xFexO2 (x = 0.00-0.13) nanoparticle samples were prepared by hydrolysis method. We investigated the effects of Fe doping on the structural and magnetic properties of the Ti1-xFexO2 nanoparticle system. Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements confirm that the particle size of the powder is in nanoscale, and that the magnetic Fe impurities substitute for the Ti sites in the anatase TiO2 phase. All the samples with x > 0 were found to be super-paramagnetic at room temperature by magnetization measurements. Raman spectra also strongly support that the Fe atoms go into the Ti-site in theTiO2 structure. For comparison, ceramic Ti1-xFexO2 samples were also prepared by usual ceramic method. Ferromagnetism was observed only in the ceramic Ti1-xFexO2 system. Additional Raman peak at around 610 cm-1 is observed only in the ceramic samples. This may be related to the clusters created by mixture of various valence state of Fe, which probably would be the cause for ferromagnetism observed in the ceramic Ti1-xFexO2 system.
Date of Publication: March 2008