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The random matrix theory is used to analyze the asymptotic performance of the blind minimum output energy (MOE) receiver in direct-sequence code division multiple-access (DS-CDMA) systems in the presence of unknown multipath channel under the condition that the spreading factor and the number of users go to infinity with the same rate. As a special case, the asymptotic properties of the blind Capon receiver are also studied and the conditions of convergence of the signal-to-interference-plus-noise ratio (SINR) of this receiver to that of the optimal minimum-mean-square error (MMSE) receiver are discussed. In particular, it is shown that the SINR performances of the Capon and MMSE receivers are nearly identical in the uplink scenario, while the performance of the Capon receiver may be considerably inferior to that of the MMSE receiver in the downlink transmission case. As the performance of the Capon receiver is closely related to the performance of the Capon channel estimator, the asymptotic properties of the latter estimator are also studied and the conditions of convergence of the Capon channel estimate to a scaled version of the channel vector of the user-of-interest are obtained.