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EGE Records from Cortical and Deep Brain Structures during Centrifugal and Vibrational Accelerations in Cats and Monkeys

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7 Author(s)
W. R. Adey ; Brain Res. Inst. of the University of California at Los Angeles and Veterans Administration Hospitals, Long Beach and Los Angeles, Calif. ; J. D. French ; R. T. Kado ; D. F. Lindsley
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Electroencephalographic records have been taken from deep regions of the brains of cats and monkeys with chronically implanted electrodes during centrifugal and shaking accelerations comparable to booster forces. Histological and X-ray controls have indicated that displacement of the electrodes does not occur, and that damage to brain tissue is comparable with nonaccelerated animals. A transistorized EEG amplifier suitable for recording in satellite biopack environments has been developed. In centrifuge tests, transverse accelerations up to 8 G were associated with rhythmic "arousal" patterns of slow waves in hippocampal regions of the temporal lobe during increasing or decreasing acceleration. Longitudinal accelerations between 5 and 6 G produced blackouts after 30 to 40 seconds, with flattening of EEG records, and frequently with induction of epileptic seizure activity in temporal-lobe leads. Shaking tests suggested that vibrational acceleration may be associated with the intermittent "driving" of the cerebral rhythms, in a fashion resembling photic driving, at shaking rates from 11 to 15 cps, and from 22 to 30 cps.

Published in:

IRE Transactions on Bio-Medical Electronics  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 3 )