Scheduled System Maintenance on May 29th, 2015:
IEEE Xplore will be upgraded between 11:00 AM and 10:00 PM EDT. During this time there may be intermittent impact on performance. We apologize for any inconvenience.
By Topic

Watermark-Induced High-Density Via Failures in Submicron CMOS Fabrication (May 2006)

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Chew, A. ; Silicon Manuf. Co., Singapore ; Hing Ho Au ; Han, S.H. ; Neo, T.L.
more authors

High via resistance was detected in the high-density via structure in our 0.15-mum back-end-of-line (BEOL) yield monitoring test vehicle. A localized insulating layer was found on top of the plug in test vehicle causing high via resistance. The failure was attributed to watermark-induced contaminants on top of the W plug. It was shown that the failure could be avoided by eliminating watermark formation on the wafer in the post-chemical-mechanical polishing scrub process.

Published in:

Semiconductor Manufacturing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 3 )