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Design of an SFQ Microwave Chopper for Controlling Quantum Bits

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3 Author(s)
Go Matsuda ; Yokohama Nat. Univ., Yokohama ; Yuki Yamanashi ; Nobuyuki Yoshikawa

A microwave chopper using single-flux-quantum (SFQ) circuits is proposed for the control of quantum bits (qubits). The proposed microwave chopper is composed of a DC/SFQ converter, an SFQ switch and a band-pass filter (BPF). In operation, an externally applied microwave is input to a DC/SFQ converter to generate an SFQ pulse train, which is chopped at high speed by the SFQ switch. The SFQ pulse train is then filtered by the BPF to remove higher harmonics. The transient response, the amplitude and the spectrum of the microwave output from the chopper were examined by circuit simulation, taking into account the thermal noise. The chopper was implemented using the SRL 2.5 kA/cm2 Nb standard process and its characteristics were investigated. It was shown that the microwave output could be successfully chopped by the SFQ switch. The amplitude and line width of the microwave output were measured as 15 muV and 2 Hz at 7 GHz.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 2 )