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An approximate spatial correlation model for clustered multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels is proposed in this paper. The two ingredients for the model are an approximation for uniform linear and circular arrays to avoid numerical integrals and a closed-form expression for the correlation coefficients that is derived for the Laplacian azimuth angle distribution. A new performance metric to compare parametric and nonparametric channel models is proposed and used to show that the proposed model is a good fit to the existing parametric models for low angle spreads (i.e., smaller than 10deg). A computational-complexity analysis shows that the proposed method is a numerically efficient way of generating the spatially correlated MIMO channels.
Date of Publication: July 2007