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Some scattering results computed by surface-integral-equation and hybrid finite-element - boundary-integral techniques, accelerated by the multilevel fast multipole method

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1 Author(s)
Eibert, T.F. ; Univ. Stuttgart, Stuttgart

Method-of-moments (MoM) solutions of surface integral equations are especially well suited for scattering computations involving metallic objects. Improved modeling flexibility for dielectric (possibly lossy) and mixed dielectric/metallic bodies is obtained by combining a surface-integral-equation formulation, involving electric and magnetic equivalent surface-current densities, with a volumetric finite-element (FE) model of the dielectric regions. This results in the well-known hybrid FEBI (finite-element-boundary-integral) technique. For many years, hybrid FEBI techniques, as well as stand-alone Bl (surface-integral equation, often just termed MoM) techniques, were restricted to relatively small (with respect to a wavelength) geometries. However, with the development of powerful multilevel fast multipole methods/algorithms (MLFMM/MLFMA), it has become possible to compute a larger variety of practical scattering and radiation problems with the hybrid FEBI-MLFMM technique. In this contribution, we give a short review of our hybrid FEBI-MLFMM approach, with a focus on mixed dielectric/metallic geometries and multiple Bl domains. We then present a variety of scattering results for metallic and mixed dielectric/metallic objects, together with comparisons with measured RCS (radar cross section) data. Broadband computations are used to derive high-resolution range (HRR) profiles of several configurations.

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Antennas and Propagation Magazine, IEEE  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 2 )