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A Two-Dimensional Extension of the Mueller and Müller Timing Error Detector

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4 Author(s)

We present a 2-D extension of a timing error detector (TED) originally developed by Mueller and Muller for timing recovery on multilevel pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) over 1-D channels. We provide accurate theoretical expressions of the performance of the proposed scheme, and we verify its applicability by studying a particular case. The 2-D TED thus obtained is used as the engine of a 2-D phase locked loop (PLL) for timing recovery.

Published in:

IEEE Signal Processing Letters  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 7 )