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An Autonomous System Supplied Only by a Pitch-Controlled Variable-Speed Wind Turbine

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3 Author(s)
Schinas, N.A. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng, Univ. of Patras, Rion ; Vovos, N.A. ; Giannakopoulos, G.B.

This paper presents a control strategy for a variable-speed pitch-controlled wind turbine (WT) generation scheme for the supply of an autonomous system with no energy storage units. The synchronous generator includes two three-phase stator windings displaced by 30deg that are connected to the transformer load through two dc links with voltage source inverters (VSI). Following priority rules, the load is divided into steps. Each load step can be supplied by the WT when the wind speed varies between two predefined speed levels. The first goal of the WT control system is to supply the load with constant real power under constant voltage as the wind speed varies between two levels and the second is to operate smoothly interchanging the load steps when the wind speed breaks through a speed level. There are two controllers: the inverter controller that keeps the load voltage constant and the pitch controller acting on the blade's angle. Using simulation techniques, the operation of the WT system and the efficiency of the proposed control strategy are demonstrated for a wide range of wind speeds.

Published in:

Energy Conversion, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 2 )