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Frequency Diagnostic Universal Fault Protection for Current Fed Parallel Resonant Electronic Ballast

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2 Author(s)
Qinghong Yu ; Res. & Dev. Labs, Osram Sylvania, Inc, Beverly, MA ; Parisella, J.

Current fed parallel resonant electronic ballast (PREB) dominates the applications for the T8 fluorescent lamp in North America for its advantage of low cost, flexibility and high reliability. At fault condition, a PREB generates much heat externally, and it is difficult to provide fault protection with traditional approaches. In this paper, a digital solution is presented to detect universal fault condition in PREB without sacrificing its other advantages. Operational principal of PREB is explored to show that the load impedance disturbance in PREB leads to frequency perturbation of the inverter, which can be detected with a very simple and low cost digital device for fault detection. Experiments show that this frequency diagnostic provides very sensitive and reliable fault detection for PREB. With both end-of-life lamp and anti-arcing protections implemented with one algorithm, this technology provides a superior fault protection to one of the most widely used ballast topologies and extends the potential applications of PREB in modern lighting industry

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Power Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 3 )