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Effective Solution of 3-D Scattering Problems via Series Expansions: Applicability and a New Hybrid Scheme

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4 Author(s)
D'Urso, M. ; Dept. of Electron. & Telecommun. Eng., Univ. of Naples "Federico II" ; Catapano, I. ; Crocco, L. ; Isernia, T.

Accurate and reliable evaluation of the electromagnetic field scattered by dielectric objects is a canonical problem in the electromagnetic community. In the framework of integral equation formulations, iterative techniques, and in particular conjugate gradient (CG) schemes, are widely used. However, when the number of parameters grows, CG techniques may become too demanding from a computational point of view. In this paper, we show that many forward scattering problems can be conveniently solved by means of very simple series expansions, which allow a lower computational complexity and memory storage with respect to other iterative schemes. In particular, we consider three different series expansions, namely: 1) the traditional Born series; 2) the contrast source-extended Born series, which is recently introduced by rewriting the traditional source-type integral equations; and 3) a new series, which is a hybridization of the previous ones. Theoretical conditions for the applicability of the series expansions are discussed, and practical tools to foresee that a problem can be solved by means of these simple iterative schemes are provided. Numerical examples are reported for the sake of comparison and to assess performance

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Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 3 )