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Detecting Small Slow-moving Sonar Targets Using Bottom Reverberation Coherence

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2 Author(s)
Jinyun Ren ; Sch. of Eng. Sci., Simon Fraser Univ., Burnaby, BC ; Bird, J.S.

The detection of small targets that appear suddenly or are moving slowly in strong bottom reverberation is a challenging problem for sonar surveillance in shallow water. Based on a new reverberation model, this paper proposes a target detection scheme that provides target sub-clutter visibility in the presence of reverberation. Experimental evidence shows that the bottom reverberation as seen by a stationary sonar is coherent, or at least partially coherent from ping to ping. Therefore, the bottom reverberation from a particular range cell is modeled as a complex signal composed of a stationary or slowly varying coherent component, plus a rapidly varying diffuse component. The coherent component is easily estimated using a recursive mean estimator and then removed by a simple subtraction so that the target need only compete with the diffuse component. Experimental results show a detection gain, as measured by the coherent-to-diffuse ratio, as high as 30dB

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18-21 Sept. 2006