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Power System Harmonic State Estimation and Observability Analysis via Sparsity Maximization

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1 Author(s)
Huaiwei Liao ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA

Harmonic state estimation (HSE) is used to locate harmonic sources and estimate harmonic distributions in power transmission networks. When only a limited number of harmonic meters are available, existing HSE methods have limited effectiveness due to observability problems. This paper describes a new system-wide harmonic state estimator that can reliably identify harmonic sources using fewer meters than unknown state variables. Note there are only a small number of simultaneous harmonic sources among the suspicious buses. Traditional observability analysis is extended to general underdetermined estimation when considering the sparsity of state variables. It is shown that the underdetermined HSE can become observable with proper measurement arrangements by applying the sparsity of state variables. The HSE is formulated as a constrained sparsity maximization problem based on L1-norm minimization. It can be solved efficiently by an equivalent linear programming. Numerical experiments are conducted in the IEEE 14-bus power system to test the proposed method. The underdetermined system contains nine meters and 13 suspicious buses. The results show that the proposed sparsity maximization approach can reliably identify harmonic sources in the presence of measurement noises, model parameter deviations, and small nonzero injections

Published in:

Power Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Feb. 2007

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