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Audio-Visual Affect Recognition

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7 Author(s)
Zeng, Z. ; Inst. of Adv. Sci. & Technol., Illinois Univ., Urbana, IL ; Tu, J. ; Liu, M. ; Huang, T.S.
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The ability of a computer to detect and appropriately respond to changes in a user's affective state has significant implications to human-computer interaction (HCI). In this paper, we present our efforts toward audio-visual affect recognition on 11 affective states customized for HCI application (four cognitive/motivational and seven basic affective states) of 20 nonactor subjects. A smoothing method is proposed to reduce the detrimental influence of speech on facial expression recognition. The feature selection analysis shows that subjects are prone to use brow movement in face, pitch and energy in prosody to express their affects while speaking. For person-dependent recognition, we apply the voting method to combine the frame-based classification results from both audio and visual channels. The result shows 7.5% improvement over the best unimodal performance. For person-independent test, we apply multistream HMM to combine the information from multiple component streams. This test shows 6.1% improvement over the best component performance

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Multimedia, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:9 ,  Issue: 2 )