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Rotation-Variant Template Matching for Supervised Hyperspectral Boundary Detection

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6 Author(s)
Harald van der Werff ; Int. Inst. for Geo-inf. Sci. & Earth Obs., Enschede ; Frank van Ruitenbeek ; Mark van der Meijde ; Freek van der Meer
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Edge operators are widely used on gray-level images and are recently improved to work with multispectral and even hyperspectral imagery. The high spectral information content in hyperspectral images allows a detailed description of boundaries and thus a supervised boundary detection. In this letter, we describe a template matching algorithm for the detection of fuzzy and crisp boundaries. For this purpose, the template has a one-dimensional design consisting of two different spectra. This template is matched to a remote sensing image by moving and rotating the template over the image. A statistical spatial and spectral fit of the template is calculated for every position and orientation. Important steps in this approach are the design of a template according to our knowledge of a boundary, and, mainly depending on the template design, the interpretation of the algorithm output. The algorithm has been used for the detection of boundaries between selected mineral assemblages in a hyperspectral image that covers a hydrothermal alteration system. Results show that the algorithm successfully detects the boundaries that had been defined in the templates. In addition, it is shown that rotation of the template in the algorithm reveals information on the type of boundary (crisp or fuzzy) and identifies pixels where only one of the template endmembers is present

Published in:

IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 1 )