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Separating Nonlinear Image Mixtures using a Physical Model Trained with ICA

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2 Author(s)
Almeida, M.S.C. ; Inst. de Telecomun., Inst. Super. Tecnico, Lisbon ; Almeida, M.S.C.

This work addresses the separation of real-life nonlinear mixtures of images which occur when a paper document is scanned and the image from the back page shows through. We present a physical model of the mixing process, based on the consideration of the halftoning process used to print grayscale images. The corresponding inverse model is then used to perform image separation. The parameters of the inverse model are optimized through the MISEP technique of nonlinear ICA, which uses an independence criterion based on minimal mutual information. The quality of the separated images is competitive with the one achieved by other techniques, namely by the use of a generic MLP-based separation network instead of the physical model, and by Denoising Source Separation. The separation results show that MISEP is an appropriate technique for estimating the model parameters and that the model fits the mixing process well, although not perfectly. Prospects for improvement of the model are presented.

Published in:

Machine Learning for Signal Processing, 2006. Proceedings of the 2006 16th IEEE Signal Processing Society Workshop on

Date of Conference:

6-8 Sept. 2006