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A Time-Domain Approach for Extracting Broadband Macro- \pi Models of Differential Via Holes

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4 Author(s)
Chen-Chao Wang ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung ; Chih-Wen Kuo ; Chun-Chih Kuo ; Tzong-Lin Wu

A novel time-domain approach is proposed to synthesize the broadband macro-pi model of the differential vias based on time-domain reflected/transmitted waveforms either measured by time-domain reflectometry (TDR) or simulated by finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method. The step responses of the differential via are solved in terms of rational functions by the generalized pencil-of-matrix (GPOM) method. The macro-pi model in terms of the rational functions pairs is obtained through an ABCD matrix transformation. The order of the macro-pi model can be reduced without losing the accuracy according to a residue criterion. The equivalent lumped circuits of the macro-pi model is synthesized by a lumped circuit extraction method (LCEM). The stability and passivity of the extracted models can be preserved based on this time-domain approach and the macro-pi topology. Two examples, one is an asymmentric via and the other is an differential via in four-layer PCB, are used to demonstrate the broadband accuracy of the proposed approach both in time-domain and frequency-domain

Published in:

Advanced Packaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:29 ,  Issue: 4 )