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Optical multi-mode interference devices based on self-imaging: principles and applications

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2 Author(s)
Soldano, L.B. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Delft Univ. of Technol., Netherlands ; Pennings, E.C.M.

This paper presents an overview of integrated optics routing and coupling devices based on multimode interference. The underlying self-imaging principle in multimode waveguides is described using a guided mode propagation analysis. Special issues concerning the design and operation of multimode interference devices are discussed, followed by a survey of reported applications. It is shown that multimode interference couplers offer superior performance, excellent tolerance to polarization and wavelength variations, and relaxed fabrication requirements when compared to alternatives such as directional couplers, adiabatic X- or Y-junctions, and diffractive star couplers

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )