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Random sampling in matroids, with applications to graph connectivity and minimum spanning trees

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1 Author(s)
D. R. Karker ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Stanford Univ., CA

Random sampling is a powerful way to gather information about a group by considering only a small part of it. We give a paradigm for applying this technique to optimization problems, and demonstrate its effectiveness on matroids. Matroids abstractly model many optimization problems that can be solved by greedy methods, such as the minimum spanning tree (MST) problem. Our results have several applications. We give an algorithm that uses simple data structures to construct an MST in O(m+n log n) time. We give bounds on the connectivity (minimum cut) of a graph suffering random edge failures. We give fast algorithms for packing matroid bases, with particular attention to packing spanning trees in graphs

Published in:

Foundations of Computer Science, 1993. Proceedings., 34th Annual Symposium on

Date of Conference:

3-5 Nov 1993