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The detrimental effect of friction on space microgravity robotics

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4 Author(s)
Newman, W.S. ; Center for Autom. & Intelligent Syst. Res., Case Western Reserve Univ., Cleveland, OH, USA ; Glosser, G.D. ; Miller, J.H. ; Rohn, D.

The authors present an analysis of why control systems are ineffective in compensating for acceleration disturbances due to Coulomb friction. Linear arguments indicate that the effects of Coulomb friction on a body are most difficult to reject when the control actuator is separated from the body of compliance. The linear arguments were illustrated in a nonlinear simulation of optimal linear tracking control in the presence of nonlinear friction. The results of endpoint acceleration measurements for four robot designs are presented and are compared with simulation and with equivalent measurements on a human. It is concluded that Coulomb friction in common bearings and transmission induces unacceptable levels of endpoint acceleration, that these accelerations cannot be adequately attenuated by control, and that robots for microgravity work will require special design considerations for inherently low friction

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 1992. Proceedings., 1992 IEEE International Conference on

Date of Conference:

12-14 May 1992