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2 Author(s)
Sparks, E. ; Roke Manor Res. Ltd., Romsey, UK ; Stephens, M.

Stereo and structure-from-motion processing are combined in an attempt to overcome the disadvantages of each. The absolute base-line provided by the separation of the stereo cameras enables the speed-scale ambiguity to be resolved, and the long base-line resulting from processing a long image sequence enables good long-range accuracy to be obtained. StereoDROID is an approach to stereo structure-from-motion. It was developed from M.J. Stephens DROID vision system (1989) which uses the monocular structure-from-motion approach. The techniques employed in matching, locating the 3D features positions and calculating the ego-motion are first presented for the monocular case and then it is shown how stereo data may be coherently integrated into the solution. Although the results are presented for a stereo system any number of cameras may be used. An analysis is developed for a moving stereo camera head in an otherwise static world. Corner-point data extracted from the images are used to form a scene representation consisting of 3D feature-points. These are specified by their positions and positional uncertainties expressed as normal probability distribution functions

Published in:

Active and Passive Techniques for 3-D Vision, IEE Colloquium on

Date of Conference:

19 Feb 1991