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Trinocular active range-sensors

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4 Author(s)
Blake, A. ; Dept. of Eng. Sci., Oxford Univ., UK ; McCowen, D. ; Lindsey, P. ; Lo, H.R.

The principle of trinocular stereo is well known in the domain of passive devices and also has application in active metrology. Trinocular active devices have the advantage of freedom from mechanical scanning, and rapid image capture compared with more conventional active designs based on scanning laser stripes. Their efficient operation relies, however, on a good solution to the correspondence problem. This requires careful geometric design to take account of epipolar geometry and through modelling of image-measurement error. The authors present a design that involves setting up the projector-camera geometry to be degenerate-so that depth computation is ill-conditioned-and then backing off a little. The result is that unambiguous stereo matching can, in principle, be guaranteed within a given working volume. This is in marked contrast with passive stereo in which ambiguity cannot be guaranteed, merely minimised statistically. The principles have proved to work well in laboratory tests, achieving unambiguous operation over a working volume of 50 mm3 with a depth of around 0.2 mm

Published in:

Active and Passive Techniques for 3-D Vision, IEE Colloquium on

Date of Conference:

19 Feb 1991