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Simulation and experimental analyses of electromagnetic transients behaviors of lightning surge on vertical conductors

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6 Author(s)
Goni, O. ; Fac. of Eng., Khulna Univ. of Eng. & Technol. ; Hossain, F. ; Yusuf, S.U. ; Rahman, M.
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Simulation of very fast surge phenomena in a three-dimensional (3-D) structure requires a method based on Maxwell's equations, such as the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method or the method of moments, because circuit-equation-based methods cannot handle the phenomena. This paper uses a method of thin-wire representation of the vertical conductor system for the FDTD method which is suitable for the 3-D surge simulation. The thin-wire representation is indispensable to simulate electromagnetic surges on wires or steel frames in which the radius is smaller than a discretized space step used in the FDTD simulation. In this paper, a general surge analysis program named the virtual surge test lab based on the Maxwell's equations formulated by the FDTD method, is used to simulate the surge phenomena of a vertical conductor, including the effects of horizontal wave incidence and vertical wave incidence. Experimental results on the reduced scale model have been presented in order to compare among the simulation results by the FDTD method and the results using numerical electromagnetic code based on the MoM

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Power Delivery, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 4 )