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Reorganized Porous Silicon Bragg Reflectors for Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells

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5 Author(s)

Stacks of porous silicon layers have been successfully applied to maximize internal reflection at the interface between a silicon substrate and an epitaxially grown layer. The stack is consist of alternating porous layers of high and low porosity, defined by the quarter-wavelength rule. During the hydrogen bake prior to epitaxial growth of the epitaxial layer, the porous silicon stack crystallizes in the form of thin quasi-monocrystalline silicon layers incorporating large voids. Experimental data of the measured external reflectance have been linked to the internal reflectance. An optical-path-length enhancement factor of seven was calculated in the wavelength range of 900-1200 nm. Application on thin-film epitaxial solar cells showed a 12% increase in short-circuit current and efficiency

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Electron Device Letters, IEEE  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 10 )