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A License Plate-Recognition Algorithm for Intelligent Transportation System Applications

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4 Author(s)
Anagnostopoulos, C.N.E. ; Cultural Technol. & Commun. Dept., Univ. of the Aegean, Lesvos ; Anagnostopoulos, I.E. ; Loumos, V. ; Kayafas, E.

In this paper, a new algorithm for vehicle license plate identification is proposed, on the basis of a novel adaptive image segmentation technique (sliding concentric windows) and connected component analysis in conjunction with a character recognition neural network. The algorithm was tested with 1334 natural-scene gray-level vehicle images of different backgrounds and ambient illumination. The camera focused in the plate, while the angle of view and the distance from the vehicle varied according to the experimental setup. The license plates properly segmented were 1287 over 1334 input images (96.5%). The optical character recognition system is a two-layer probabilistic neural network (PNN) with topology 108-180-36, whose performance for entire plate recognition reached 89.1%. The PNN is trained to identify alphanumeric characters from car license plates based on data obtained from algorithmic image processing. Combining the above two rates, the overall rate of success for the license-plate-recognition algorithm is 86.0%. A review in the related literature presented in this paper reveals that better performance (90% up to 95%) has been reported, when limitations in distance, angle of view, illumination conditions are set, and background complexity is low

Published in:

Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 3 )