By Topic

Strela-1, the First Soviet Computer: Political Success and Technological Failure

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
Ichikawa, H. ; Hiroshima Univ.

Which computer was developed first in the Soviet Union? Which one was first successful? Such questions are difficult to answer, but recently declassified archival material may hold the key. The story of the Strela illustrates how competing interests helped determine the fate of this computer, a political success but a technological failure. This article examines the interests and behavior of two groups-the engineers and the scientists-involved in the initial developments of Soviet high-speed, digital computers, which had been obscured by ideology. What the author found was that a conflict of interests existed between the mechanical engineers and the mathematicians. The engineers were associated with the ministry producing the measurement and control instruments for the artillery, while the mathematicians were associated largely with the country's nuclear developments

Published in:

Annals of the History of Computing, IEEE  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 3 )