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Vector Control of Front-End Converters for Variable-Speed Wind–Diesel Systems

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6 Author(s)
Cardenas, R. ; Sch. of Electr. & Electron. Eng., Univ. of Nottingham ; Pena, R. ; Perez, M. ; Clare, J.
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This paper presents a novel power-balance control method for a wind-diesel generation feeding an isolated grid. The system is based on a variable-speed wind energy conversion system (WECS) connected to an ac load using a power converter. An energy storage system (ESS), connected to the ac load using an additional converter, is used to balance the power generated by the WECS with the load. In this paper, the vector control systems for both interfacing power converters are discussed; the control uses the WECS converter to regulate the ac load voltage and the ESS converter to regulate the power flow to achieve a power balance. A small signal model is used to design the control systems. Finally, the proposed control is implemented in a 2-kW experimental prototype and the experimental results are fully analyzed and discussed in the paper

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Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:53 ,  Issue: 4 )