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Superdirective Beamforming Robust Against Microphone Mismatch

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2 Author(s)
Doclo, S. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Katholieke Univ., Leuven ; Moonen, M.

Fixed superdirective beamformers using small-size microphone arrays are known to be highly sensitive to errors in the assumed microphone array characteristics. This paper discusses the design of robust superdirective beamformers by taking into account the statistics of the microphone characteristics. Different design procedures are considered: applying a white noise gain constraint, trading off the mean noise and distortion energy, and maximizing the mean or the minimum directivity factor. When computational complexity is not important, maximizing the mean or the minimum directivity factor is the preferred design procedure. In addition, it is shown how to determine a suitable parameter range for the other design procedures

Published in:

Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, 2006. ICASSP 2006 Proceedings. 2006 IEEE International Conference on  (Volume:5 )

Date of Conference:

14-19 May 2006