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In order to improve means for locating unexploded ordnance items (UXO) and significantly discriminating UXO from clutter, it is desired to tag ordnance items before they are delivered. The munition tagging envisioned will make use of current passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tag technology. The tags will provide information on the munition's location and identity when the UXO tag interrogation module is brought nearby. Knowledge of the magnetic field's behavior is essential in understanding the designs required to transmit energy from the above-ground interrogator to the tag and from the tag back to the above-ground receiver. The munition, being a large metal structure in such close proximity to the tags, will affect their operation because of electromagnetic boundary conditions and the tags' specific circuitry. To this end, modeling of the magnetic fields was required. This paper presents the results of this modeling effort and includes experimental findings. The modeling efforts demonstrated that detection depths to 1 m would be achievable, provided the system is magnetically optimized.
Date of Publication: July 2006