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Rapid diagnostic barcode system for codetection of multiple protein markers

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3 Author(s)
Jeong-Hwan Kim ; Dept. of Biol. & Agric. Eng., Univ. of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA ; Kyung-Sik Seo ; Wang, J.

An ultrasensitive immunodiagnostic readout method based on an electrochemical analysis is presented. Different inorganic quantum dot (QD) nanocrystals (ZnS, CdS, and PbS) are tagged to antibodies for the on-site voltammetric stripping measurements of multiple antigen targets. The multiprotein electrical sensing capability is coupled to the amplification feature of anodic stripping voltammetric transduction and with an efficient magnetic removal (to minimize nonspecific adsorption and cross-reactivity effects). Sandwich-immunoassay formats were performed using model proteins (β2-microglobulin, myoglobin, and human serum albumin). These encoding QD tracers with distinct redox potential yield highly sensitive and selective stripping peaks at -1.11 V (Zn), -0.67 V (Cd), and -0.52 V (Pb) at the mercury-film screen printed carbon electrode (versus Ag/AgCl reference). The position and size of these peaks reflect the identity and risk level of the corresponding antigen marker. The favorable signal-to-noise characteristics of the response for the initial 25-ng/mL mixture indicate a detection limit of ca. 10 ng/mL far below the early warning range and allow a reliable determination of very low protein concentrations. Such analog peaks of the QDs were converted to simple and rapid barcode signals. The digital readout system can code 215 electrically tuned barcodes to mark different protein analytes and to be useful for a wireless communication system.

Published in:

Sensors Journal, IEEE  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 2 )