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The additive recurrent network structure of linear threshold neurons represents a class of biologically-motivated models, where nonsaturating transfer functions are necessary for representing neuronal activities, such as that of cortical neurons. This paper extends the existing results of dynamics analysis of such linear threshold networks by establishing new and milder conditions for boundedness and asymptotical stability, while allowing for multistability. As a condition for asymptotical stability, it is found that boundedness does not require a deterministic matrix to be symmetric or possess positive off-diagonal entries. The conditions put forward an explicit way to design and analyze such networks. Based on the established theory, an alternate approach to study such networks is through permitted and forbidden sets. An application of the linear threshold (LT) network is analog associative memory, for which a simple design method describing the associative memory is suggested in this paper. The proposed design method is similar to a generalized Hebbian approach, but with distinctions of additional network parameters for normalization, excitation and inhibition, both on a global and local scale. The computational abilities of the network are dependent on its nonlinear dynamics, which in turn is reliant upon the sparsity of the memory vectors.
Date of Publication: March 2006