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High Accuracy DNS and LES of High Reynolds Number, Supersonic Base Flows and Passive Control of the Near Wake

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4 Author(s)
Von Terzi, D.A. ; University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ ; Sandberg, R.D. ; Sivasubramanian, J. ; Fasel, H.F.

Supersonic axisymmetric base flows are prototypical for flows behind projectiles and missiles. For these flows, drag reduction can be achieved by means of passive control of the near wake. Thereby, large (turbulent) coherent structures play a dominant role. The objective of the present investigation is to elucidate if and how successful passive flow control techniques modify these structures. To this end, first Direct Numerical Simulations (DNS) for a Reynolds number of ReD = 100,000 and Mach number of Ma =2.46 were performed using a high-order accurate and highly parallelized research code which was developed at the University of Arizona. Thereby, roughly 52 million grid points were employed. The DNS data serve to visualize typical structures of the unsteady flow field and to verify that the use of less computational costly RANS/LES methods is applicable for this flow. Two of these methods, the Flow Simulation Methodology (FSM) and Detached Eddy Simulations (DES), were then employed to investigate the supersonic base flow at ReD =3.3 × 106 and Ma = 2.46 using between 460,000 and seven million grid points. For the DES, the commercial CFD-code Cobalt was employed. This unstructured grid solver allowed then to perform simulations with boat-tailing. The obtained mean flow data are compared to available experimental results.

Published in:

Users Group Conference, 2005

Date of Conference:

2005