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This paper presents three scalable and efficient schemes for authenticating MPEG-4 streams: the Flat Authentication Scheme, the Progressive Authentication Scheme, and the Hierarchical Authentication Scheme. All the schemes allow authentication of MPEG-4 streams over lossy networks by integrating seamlessly digital signatures and erasure correction coding with MPEG-4's fine granular scalability. A prominent feature of our schemes is their "sign once, verify many ways" property, i.e., they generate only one digital signature per compressed MPEG-4 object group, but allow clients to verify the authenticity of any down-scaled version of the original signed object group.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2006