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Photobleached refractive index tapers in electrooptic polymer rib waveguides, which act as two-dimensional optical mode transformers, are investigated. One taper method involves a discrete step mask-shifting scheme with a fixed intensity UV light source. A second method utilizes a gray-scale mask to precisely control the intensity of UV light reaching each portion of the taper. Using a gray-scale mask, adiabatic refractive index tapers can be inscribed into electrooptic polymer waveguides in a single fabrication step with no scanning parts. Optimized taper profiles are derived and applications for their incorporation into passive-to-active waveguide transitions are described.
Date of Publication: Jan. 1, 2006