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A detailed analysis and optimized-oriented design of a family of three-level soft-switching converters is presented. The zero-voltage-switching (ZVS) of the outer switches and zero-current-switching (ZCS) of the inner switches is realized by employing a pulse-width-modulation (PWM) phase-shift control and a secondary-assisted passive snubber. The switching operation is discussed by comparing the results produced by the use of different passive snubbers (the author's original one and literature-available ones). The voltage on the rectifier diodes is clamped at a reasonable value, specific to each one of the six snubbers taken into consideration. The voltage stress on each transistor is reduced to half of the input voltage. Lower rated transistors and rectifier diodes can be used, thus reducing the conduction losses. Before turning on/off the inner switches, the snubber's capacitor voltage determines the fall of the primary current to zero, thus avoiding wasteful energy circulation and assuring ZCS. The snubber's energy is recuperated to the load. The outcome of these improvements is a high efficiency in energy processing. Soft-switching-oriented constraints on the converter parameters are expressed as implicit equations, whose graphical solution permits the optimized design of the parameters in order to ensure ZVZCS. A comparative analysis of the effective duty cycle and the boost effect of it, due to the use of the secondary snubber, is performed. The influence of the choices of the parameters values on the regulation capability is pointed out. Experimental results prove the expected high performances of the optimized converters.
Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:52 , Issue: 11 )
Date of Publication: Nov. 2005