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Caged ATP-fuel for bionanodevices

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3 Author(s)
D. Wu ; Dept. of Bioeng., Univ. of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA ; R. Tucker ; H. Hess

Micro- and nanodevices require the controlled delivery of energy to power a variety of processes. The current paradigm of connecting a miniaturized device to a set of macroscopic auxiliary devices, such as power supplies or pumps, for the delivery of electrical and mechanical energy needs to be replaced to enable the design of stand-alone integrated bionanodevices with applications in remote biosensing or nanomedicine. Biological nanomachines, such as the motor protein kinesin, can efficiently convert energy stored in chemical compounds, in particular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATP), into mechanical work. This ability is an attractive feature of hybrid devices powered by biomolecular motors, since it removes the need for the storage and conversion of electrical energy. The consequences are a simplified fabrication process and packaging, leading to higher yields and lower costs, and the broadening of the applications, which can now include field-deployable nanodevices. Here, the potential of caged ATP as fuel for such engineering applications is discussed. Caged ATP can be stored in the buffer solution of a bionanodevice, "uncaged" by UV light, and utilized as fuel by many enzymes to catalyze chemical changes or power active transport. We demonstrate that DMNPE-caged ATP can be stored in sufficient amounts in a typical device and that the activation can be triggered with a UV lamp or even sunlight.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Advanced Packaging  (Volume:28 ,  Issue: 4 )