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A novel receiver-initiated soft-state probabilistic multicasting protocol (RISP) for mobile ad hoc network is proposed in this paper. RISP introduces probabilistic forwarding and soft-state for making relay decisions. Multicast members periodically initiate control packets, through which intermediate nodes adjust the forwarding probability. With a probability decay function (soft-state), routes traversed by more control packets are reinforced, while the less utilized paths are gradually relinquished. In this way, RISP can adapt to node mobility; at low mobility, RISP performs similar to a tree-based protocol; at high mobility, it produces a multicast mesh in the network. Simulation results show RISP has lower delivery redundancy than mesh-based protocols, while achieving higher delivery ratio. Further, the control overhead is lower than other compared protocols.
Communications, 2005. ICC 2005. 2005 IEEE International Conference on (Volume:5 )
Date of Conference: 16-20 May 2005