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Size-dependent bubble dynamics in a microchannel heat sink

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5 Author(s)
L. Siu Lun Cheung ; Dept. of Aerosp. & Mech. Eng., Arizona Univ., Tucson, AZ, USA ; Man Lee ; Yi-Kuen Lee ; Man Wong
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The height effect on bubble dynamics in a microchannel is experimentally studied. We reported that the critical size for a nucleation site to be active increases linearly with the channel height. However, once a bubble is formed, its evolution from incipience to departure can also be channel-size dependent. Thus, various microchannel heat sinks have been fabricated, about 5-10 μm in height, with integrated temperature sensors utilizing Si-to-glass anodic bonding technology. Nucleation sites have been formed on the microchannels bottom silicon surface in order to ensure regular bubble formation, while the sensors allow continuous monitoring of the wall temperature. The microchannels are capped by a glass wafer; hence, it is possible to record the bubble activity using video equipment. The three aspects of bubble dynamics: growth rate, departure size and release frequency have been characterized experimentally, and proper control parameters have been identified.

Published in:

18th IEEE International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems, 2005. MEMS 2005.

Date of Conference:

30 Jan.-3 Feb. 2005