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IEEE 802.11 wireless local area networks that span large buildings or campuses must comprise multiple cells, several of which must necessarily be cochannel cells. It can be shown that in such multicell networks, typically, the radio ranges of cochannel cells overlap. The paper studies the saturation throughput performance of two cochannel cells with critical overlap, i.e., their interference ranges completely overlap but no node in either cell can decode any transmissions from the other cell. We identify that the difference between the two MAC parameters, EIFS (extended interframe space) and DIFS (DCF interframe space) is a key issue and incorporate this difference as a parameter into an analytical model. The model yields a fixed point equation that yields an approximation to the saturation throughputs of the two cells. The results from the analysis are validated against ns-2 simulations. We find that with EIFS>DIFS there is substantial temporal unfairness in the channel access between the two cells, but, because of fewer collisions, the critical overlap configuration has higher per cell throughput than if the cells' decoding ranges overlapped.
Date of Conference: 13-16 June 2005