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Quench problems of Nb3Sn cosine theta high field dipole model magnets

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2 Author(s)
Yamada, R. ; Fermi Nat. Accel. Lab., USA ; Wake, M.

We have developed and tested several cosine theta high field dipole model magnets for accelerator application, utilizing Nb3Sn strands made by MJR method and PIT method. With Rutherford cables made with PIT strand we achieved 10.1 Tesla central field at 2.2 K operation, and 9.5 Tesla at 4.5 K operation. The magnet wound with the MJR cable prematurely quenched at 6.8 Tesla at 4.5 K due to cryo-instability. Typical quench behaviors of these magnets are described for both types of magnets, HFDA-04 of MJR and HFDA-05 of PIT. Their characteristics parameters are compared on deff, RRR, thermal conductivity and others, together with other historical Nb3Sn magnets. It is suggested a larger RRR value is essential for the stability of the epoxy impregnated high field magnets made with high current density strands. It is shown that a magnet with a larger RRR value has a longer MPZ value and more stable, due to its high thermal conductivity and low resistivity.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 2 )