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In this paper, we propose a hardware architecture of low-power and real-time JPEG encoder for 1.3 mega pixels CMOS image sensor SoC which can be applied to mobile communication devices. The proposed architecture has an efficient interface scheme with CMOS image sensor and other peripherals for real-time encoding. The JPEG encoder supports the base-line JPEG mode, and processes motion images of which resolution is up to 1280×960 (CCIR601 YCrCb 4:2:2,15 fps) by real-time processing. The JPEG encoder supports 8 types of resolution, and can serve the 4 levels of image quality through quantization matrix. The proposed JPEG encoder can transfer encoded motion pictures and raw image data from CMOS image sensor to external device through USB 2.0 and a compressed still image is stored at external pseudo SRAM through SRAM interface. And proposed core can communicate parameters of encoding type with other host by I2C. The proposed architecture was implemented with VHDL and verified for the functions with Synopsys and Modelsim. The encoder proposed in this paper was fabricated in process of 0.18u of Hynix semiconductor Inc.