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Autonomous control of care and welfare robot

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5 Author(s)
Yukawa, T. ; Akita Prefectural Univ., Honjo, Japan ; Saito, N. ; Matsuoka, W. ; Kanda, A.
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In this paper, we propose a robot that can perform nursing tasks in a hospital or welfare facility. When a narrow environment such as that of a sickroom is assumed, the robot must be able to move about freely in arbitrary directions, and should be able to correctly position itself in relation to its target. The robot has omni-directional mechanism, and has high controllability and the capability to make small turns. White lines originally set up on the floor, such as those indicating a safe passage area or the centerlines in the building, were used as the reference point of the robot's guidance mechanism, and these lines are recognized using eight cameras. An optical wireless is used so as not to cause bad influence for the person who applied the heart pacer. As well, wireless correspondence between the robot and an operator enables the robot's autonomous movement in a hospital.

Published in:

Robotics and Automation, 2004. TExCRA '04. First IEEE Technical Exhibition Based Conference on

Date of Conference:

18-19 Nov. 2004