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Connectivity is an important property for QoS support in mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). Recently, there has been a big effort in exploring the critical transmission range (CTR) analytically, based on different network models. While most of these studies rely on a geometric model and come up with asymptotic bounds, their significance regarding finite 802.11 based MANETs is unclear. In this paper, we investigate connectivity in MANETs from a layered perspective. We first point out how the transmission range affects the end-to-end connection probability in a log-normal shadowing model and compare the results to theoretical bounds and measurements in the path loss model. We then show how connectivity issues behave in 802.11 and IP based networks if the fading effect increases. The paper concludes with an analytical model for the link probability in log-normal shadowing environments as a function of the number of nodes, network area, transmission range, path loss exponent and shadowing deviation.